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Bringing loads of Cocoa to the train at Temvo, Mayumbe Country

Director of Temvo Plantation with family

Stack of Cocoa being carried to train. Temvo Station, Mayumbe Country

Entrance to Cocoa Plantation, Temvo, Mayumbe. Carrying loads to the train

Watering the engine with buckets on Mayumbe railway

Cicatricing, Mayumbe country

Congo state camp at Lukula, Mayumbe country

The Dutch House, Lukula, Mayumbe

Agents of Messrs. Hatton & Cookson, who entertained Mr. and Mrs. Harris at Lukula, Mayumbe

Lukula Station, Mayumbe country, lower Congo

African Woman in Profile.jpg

African Woman in Profile

African woman in profile. This image formed part of the Harris Lantern Slide Collection. Under King Leopold II the Congo Free State used mass forced labour to extract rubber from the jungle for the European market. As consumer demand grew King Leopold II's private army - the Force Publique - used violent means to coerce the population into meeting quotas, including murder, mutilation, rape, village burning, starvation and hostage taking. Alice Seeley Harris and her husband Reverend John H. Harris were missionaries in the Congo Free State from the late 1890s. Alice produced a collection of images documenting the horrific abuses of the African rubber labourers. Her photographs are considered to be an important development in the history of humanitarian campaigning. The images were used in a number of publications. The Harrises also used the photographs to develop the Congo Atrocity Lantern Lecture which toured Britain and the the USA raising awareness of the issue of colonial abuses under King Leopold II's regime. Source: Antislavery International.