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A Baringa paddler – famous for his boat songs

A chief on the Ikelemba, who entertained Mr. and Mrs. Harris in his compound

A group of Congo women

An Ikelemba woman with tribal mark

Aruwimi chief wearing hat of monkey skin

Aruwimi natives with peculiar headdress

Bakuba native shewing [sic] peculiar style of shaving the head

Baluba women in market at Ibanshe, Kasai

Baluba women, Kasai

Bangala tribal mark

Bashilele women, Kasai

Batetela woman and child at Dima, Kasai River

Batetela woman, Kasai

Batetela woman, Kasai


Cape Coast Castle

Cape Coast Castle is one of around forty ‘slave castles’ built by European traders on the coast of West Africa and used to hold enslaved Africans prior to their being transported to the Americas or the Caribbean. The first timber construction on the site was erected in 1653 for the Swedish Africa Company named Carolusborg. It was later rebuilt in stone. In April 1663 the ‘Swedish Gold Coast’ was seized by the Danes and integrated into the ‘Danish Gold Coast’. In 1664 it was conquered by the British. Originally used for trade in timber and gold, the castle was later used in the transatlantic slave trade. In the late 18th century it was rebuilt and used as the seat of the colonial Government of the British Gold Coast in 1844. In 1957, when Ghana became independent, the site came under the care of the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board, and was restored for public access in the 1990s. The museum offers guided tours, as well as permitting tours orchestrated by freelance tour guides. There is also a library and a gift shop, featuring traditional Ghanaian arts and crafts, on site.

The main aim of the museum is to act as a monument to those taken from Africa and enslaved into the system of Transatlantic Slavery. It features both archaeological and ethnographic collections on displays, within the rooms of the castle. Throughout, there are also a number of contemporary sculptures depicting the heads of victims of the slave trade. Visitors tour through the castle, encountering the rooms in which the enslaved were held, with guides providing further information about the conditions and experiences those thousands of Africans faced.

Chief on the Ikelemba

Cicatricing, Bangala territory


Cicatricing, Bangala territory

Cicatricing, Mayumbe country

Dancing woman at Ekala, upper Congo